RISK DISCLOSURE

RISK DISCLOSURE

Day trading can be extremely risky. Day trading generally is not appropriate for someone of limited  resources and limited investment or trading experience and low risk tolerance. You should be prepared  to lose all of the funds that you use for day trading. In particular, you should not fund day-trading  activities with retirement savings, student loans, second mortgages, emergency funds, funds set aside  for purposes such as education or home ownership, or funds required to meet your living expenses.

Be cautious of claims of large profits from day trading. You should be wary of advertisements or other  statements that emphasize the potential for large profits in day trading. Day trading can also lead to  large and immediate financial losses.

Day trading requires knowledge of securities markets. Day trading requires in-depth knowledge of the  securities markets and trading techniques and strategies. In attempting to profit through day trading,  you must compete with professional, licensed traders employed by securities firms. You should have  appropriate experience before engaging in day trading.

Day trading requires knowledge of a firm’s operations. You should be familiar with a securities firm’s  business practices, including the operation of the firm’s order execution systems and procedures. Under  certain market conditions, you may find it difficult or impossible to liquidate a position quickly at a  reasonable price. This can occur, for example, when the market for a stock suddenly drops, or if trading  is halted due to recent news events or unusual trading activity. The more volatile a stock is, the greater  the likelihood that problems may be encountered in executing a transaction. In addition to normal  market risks, you may experience losses due to system failures.

Day trading will generate substantial commissions, even if the per trade cost is low. Day trading  involves aggressive trading, and generally you will pay commissions on each trade. The total daily  commissions that you pay on your trades will add to your losses or significantly reduce your earnings.

Day trading on margin or short selling may result in losses beyond your initial investment. When you  day trade with funds borrowed from a firm or someone else, you can lose more than the funds you  originally placed at risk. A decline in the value of the securities that are purchased may require you to  provide additional funds to the firm to avoid the forced sale of those securities or other securities in your account. Short selling as part of your day-trading strategy also may lead to extraordinary losses,  because you may have to purchase a stock at a very high price in order to cover a short position.